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Glossary of Terms


With so many fantastic products and new materials being created we've assembled descriptions of exactly what these exotic terms mean to help you more fully understand our products. We hope it helps, but if you've still got a question, then please do contact us and our knowledgeable team will be more than happy to explain further.


Compression Stockings/Tights

Hosiery, specially woven to achieve different level of pressure on the ankles, knees and thighs. Pressure gradually decreases from the ankle to the thigh to ensure proper blood circulation, reduces ankle swelling, varicose veins, or fatigue in the legs due to prolonged standing.

Cuban Heel

A type of heel on a fully fashioned stocking, whereby the reinforced part is squared off above the back of the ankle, rather than tapering to a point.


A unit of measure for the linear mass density of fibres. It is defined as the mass in grams per 9000 meters. The denier is based on a natural standard—i.e., a single strand of silk is approximately one denier. A 9000-meter strand of silk weighs about one gram. In other words, it gives scale to the weight and thickness of the hosiery products. The lower the denier, the thinner is the product.


An elastic synthetic fibre which is better known under the trade name of Lycra (trademark of DuPont) elastin fibers can be stretched from four to seven times its length, returning to its original length.

Flat seam

Hosiery with flat seams are more comfortable because there is no overlaying of materials therefore they do not leave marks on the body. A special technique is used to achieve flat seams, and the products with flat seams are considered higher quality.

French Heel

A type of heel on fully fashioned stockings, where the reinforced part tapers to a point. This helps to emphasize the length and shape of the legs.

Fully Fashioned Stockings (FFS)

Stockings that are knitted flat and then the two sides are sewn together forming the seam.


A triangular shaped insert in the seam between the legs in tights which gives greater durability, comfort and hygiene.


Stockings that cling to the leg by elastic sewn lace reinforced with silicone.


A new material technology that changes the way knitwear looks and behaves. The 3D Lycra means Lycra yarn is knitted in different directions, giving an extremely smooth and comfortable texture, stretchability in all directions and an excellent fit to the skin. Products with Lycra 3D give an exceptional comfort. The unique softness and silkiness is apparent the moment the product is taken out of the pack.


A type of nylon yarn, made from a number of thin strands or fibres which are bonded together into a single fibre. The yarn becomes very flexible, durable, resistant to wrinkling and has more volume.


A strong, flexible artificial fibre that's woven from man-made fibre.


A chemical name of some artificial fibres known as Nylon. The name polyamide is sometimes used instead of the name of nylon in content declarations, appearing on packaging.

Reinforced Heel

The heel area is reinforced with a thicker and heavier denier yarn.

Reinforced Toes

A thicker and heavier denier yarn is used to reinforce the area around the toes.

Reinforced Top

Tights with reinforced panties made of a thicker yarn to provide shaping support. They are specially knitted with stronger yarn to visually correct certain areas: slim the tummy, smoothen the body lines around the hips or push up the bottom.

Seamless Stockings or Tights

Uniform stockings or tights that are knitted in one operation on circular machines (one continuous operation) so that the seam is not required.

Semi-opaque and Opaque

Stockings or tights made of a heavier yarn, usually 40 denier or more that offer a full coverage.

Sheer Tights/Stockings

Ultra-thin tights or stockings usually less than 20 denier.